Saturday, December 27, 2014

Indian or Native American Gaming Haiku

ChristmasPoetic Forms : HAIKU (Week 7)

 haiku my heart

Adam Beach says Go,
San Jose looks at Cheyenne,
Jim Koemer walks tight rope.


Sheila Morago,
OIGA casino director
pushes Indian Gaming

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Merry Christmas

For My Aunt, the Happiest of Birthdays

For my aunt, the happiest of birthdays!
On this day your quiet soul should sing!
Rejoice in all the pleasure that this one day
Must to the kids who love you surely bring!
You, who give so much, should now be taking
All the affection we poor souls can show.
Understand this little fuss we're making
Nowhere near comes close to where we go,
Touched by love too beautiful to know.

For You This Birthday Ought to Be a Sun

For you this birthday ought to be a sun
Overriding all the other stars.
Rarely have I seen resolve like yours,
Touching with your gentle laugh the scars
Yielded in the battles you have won.

Monday, November 24, 2014

OSU Alumni Association names 44 Seniors of Significance


The Oklahoma State University Alumni Association has named 44 students as OSU Seniors of Significance for the 2014-2015 academic year.
The Seniors of Significance Award recognizes students who have excelled in scholarship, leadership and service to campus and community and have brought distinction to OSU.
The Seniors of Significance Award recognizes students who have excelled in scholarship, leadership and service to campus and community and have brought distinction to OSU.
"The OSU Alumni Association is proud to recognize these seniors for the achievements they've made during their time at OSU," says Chris Batchelder, Alumni Association president. "We look forward to seeing them excel as part of the OSU alumni family after they graduate."
The 44 students represent the top one percent of the Class of 2015 including all six OSU undergraduate colleges. A public reception to recognize the winners and their families will be held on November 17 at 5:30 p.m. at the ConocoPhillips OSU Alumni Center.
The Seniors of Significance are listed below with their hometown and major.
Cynthia Bejar, Mustang, Okla., applied sociology
Kayla Castleberry, Bartlesville, Okla., nutritional sciences
Skyla Clift, Amarillo, Texas, athletic training
Caitlyn Cloud, Hominy, Okla., communication sciences and disorders
Joshua Joe Conaway, Ringwood, Okla., agribusiness
M. Dalton Downing, Grove, Okla., agribusiness
Lauren Foley, Tulsa, Okla., zoology and biological sciences
Katlyn Ford, Ponca City, Okla., finance and economics
Shae Matisse Godsey, Tulsa, Okla., marketing and international business
Brian James Highfill, Enid, Okla., agricultural economics
Aaron Hoak, Ponca City, Okla., chemical engineering
Brandon Hubbard, Kingfisher, Okla., physiology and psychology
Macy Laine Hula, Enid, Okla., human development and family science
Michael Johnson, Oklahoma City, Okla., civil engineering
Kara Laster, Shawnee, Okla., human resource management
Ariel Leff, Tulsa, Okla., mechanical engineering
Amber Livingston, Chicago, Ill., marketing and management
Aubrey Mackey, Coleman, Okla., communication sciences and disorders
Kevin Meeks, Wetumka, Okla., agricultural communications
MaryKate Miller, Edmond, Okla., accounting
Jessica Neal, Duncan, Okla., animal science
Kathleen Nelson, Oklahoma City, Okla., mechanical engineering
Hannah Nemecek, Skiatook, Okla., agricultural communications
Nadir Nibras, Dhaka, Bangladesh, mechanical engineering
Susan Occhipinti, Dunmore, Penn., multimedia journalism and strategic communications
Jonathan C. Overton, Yukon, Okla., biosystems engineering
Katie Parish, Ardmore, Okla., sports media
Coley Ralston, Stillwater, Okla., marketing
Emily Ray, Pilot Point, Texas, secondary education
Cat D. Rockholt, Charleston, S.C., business management
Christien Sager, Wichita Falls, Texas, electrical engineering
Erin Scanlan, Portales, N.M., marketing and management
Ty Schoenhals, Kermlin, Okla., agricultural economics
Chacey Schoeppel, Fairview, Okla., agribusiness
Harrison Schroeder, Shawnee, Kan., mathematics and Spanish
Aubrey Raeann Scott, Owassa, Okla., human development and family science
Chris Stockton, Duncan, Okla., finance and management
Peter Storm, Stillwater, Okla., biosystems engineering
Clara Telford, Euless, Texas, physiology
Leah Underwood, Edmond, Okla., physiology
Jo Beth Wasicek, Bartlesville, Okla., music education
Philip White, Edmond, Okla., mechanical engineering
Paige Kathryn Wikle, Stillwater, Okla., psychology
Lindsey Willis, Tulsa, Okla., strategic communications

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Oklahoma City University


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oklahoma City University
Motto Veritas Ecclesia Cognitio
Motto in English Truth, Church, and Knowledge
Established 1904
Type Private
Religious affiliation United Methodist Church
Endowment $71.6 million[1]
President Robert Harlan Henry
Students 3,770[2]
Undergraduates 2,314
Postgraduates 1,456
Location Oklahoma City, OK, USA
Campus Urban 104 acres (0.42 km2)
Colors White and blue          
Athletics NAIASAC
Nickname Stars
Mascot Starsky the Ram
Affiliations CIC

Oklahoma City University
NRHP Reference # 78002247[4]
Added to NRHP December 19, 1978[5]
Oklahoma City University, often referred to as OCU or OKCU, is a coeducational, urban, private university historically affiliated with the United Methodist Church. It is located in the uptown district of Oklahoma City, in the U.S. state of Oklahoma.
The university offers undergraduate bachelor's degrees, graduate master's degrees and doctoral degrees, organized into eight colleges and schools and one Methodist seminary. Students can major in more than 70 undergraduate majors, 17 graduate degrees, including a JD, MBA and PhD in Nursing, and an Adult Studies Program for working adults to earn a Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree. The university has approximately 4,000 students, including 1,600 graduate students.[6] OCU has a large student life network including athletics, honor societies, clubs and student organizations, and fraternities and sororities. The official school and athletic colors are blue and white. Alumni have gone on to prominent careers in government and law, business, education, sports, arts, and entertainment.


Gold Star Memorial Building (Law Library), an Oklahoma landmark

Early history

Oklahoma City University began as Epworth University by local developer Anton Classen in the early 1900s. Classen was looking to begin a Methodist university in conjunction with other development projects he worked on. Construction of the school began in 1902 and it opened in 1904 with 100 students.[7] Anton Classen was heavily involved with development of early Oklahoma City and advanced the idea of a Methodist university in Oklahoma and helped spark the ideas of the Methodist Church to establish a Methodist university in Oklahoma. Construction began in 1902 and classes started in 1904 with enrollment growing by almost 100 students during that first year.[7]
Epworth closed in 1911 after the school ran into financial difficulties.[7] At the same time the church formed Oklahoma Methodist University in Guthrie, Oklahoma. After a few years the school's trustees developed a plan to close the school in Guthrie and relocate to Oklahoma City.[7] The school opened in Oklahoma City as Oklahoma City College in 1922 from funding from the Methodist congregations, and some faculty from the defunct Fort Worth University.[7] After the college opened it experienced rapid growth and changed its name to Oklahoma City University in 1924.[7] Despite the success and growth of the university in the 1920s, OCU again fell on hard times during the Great Depression.[7]

Post war era

Dr. Cluster Smith became president of Oklahoma City University after the Great Depression. At the same time the United States entered World War II creating new challenges for the university, especially the university's mounting debt and need for new facilities.[7] The War created a decline in the student body, especially in males who left school to enlist in the military. By 1942 the student body was 75 percent female. This created a shortage of players and funds causing many of the athletic programs, such as the football team, to end operations.[7] Following the war enrollment increased dramatically and the university began a period of rapid development through the remainder of the 1940s.[7] In the 1950s OCU received accreditation from the North Central Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools.[7] The University then took control of the Oklahoma City College of Law and began a partnership with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to elevate the academics and the quality of education.[7] The Bishop W. Angie Smith Chapel was dedicated in 1968 as part of a plan to expand OCU's spiritual life.
In the mid 1970s after nearly 25 years of steady growth the university again fell on hard times. In 1976 Methodist Bishop Paul Milhouse discussed the school's issues to the Annual Conference of Oklahoma Methodist churches in Tulsa.[7] After requesting that people direct their prayers and pledges to the University by 1980 the Methodist Church had raised more than $3 million.[7] Jerald Walker, an OCU alumnus became president in 1979 and continued the university's growth stemming from the financial support from the Church. During his tenure as president facilities were improved, new academic programs were started and enrollment increased again. In 1981 it was announced that the university was out of debt and turned a profit for the first time since 1975.[7] The university added the School of Religion and the nursing program during the 1980s.

Recent history

In the 1990s the university upgraded and renovated campus facilities. Stephen Jennings became president in 1998 and began focusing on the university's centennial celebration and position the university for the future. Under Jennings the athletic name was changed from the Chiefs to the Stars and the university expanded student life, including the Distinguished Speakers Series.[7] Tom McDaniel became president in 2001 and drastically altered the look of the OCU campus from an influx of donations. New additions to the campus included The Ann Lacy Visitor and Admissions Center, the Norick Art Center, the Edith Kinney Gaylord Center, the Wanda L. Bass School of Music, Meinders School of Business, and a new residence hall.[7] Robert Harlan Henry, chief judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, became the university's 17th president in July 2010, succeeding Tom McDaniel.[8]

Historic designation

The Administration Building, included in the historic district
On December 19, 1978, part of the university campus was listed as a historic district on the National Register of Historic Places.[5][9] The district comprises the Administration Building, the Fine Arts Building, and the Goldstar Building.[10] It was nominated for its statewide significance in education and in the Methodist community.[11]


The 104-acre (0.42 km2) campus lies in the Uptown area of central Oklahoma City north of downtown and immediately west of the Asia District, just a few miles due west of the Oklahoma State Capitol building on NW 23rd Street. Other notable districts nearby include the Plaza District, the Paseo Arts District, and the LGBT district. Prominent campus buildings include the Gold Star Memorial Building (law library), Clara Jones Administration Building, Bishop W. Angie Smith Chapel, Sarkeys Law Center, Edith Kinney Gaylord Center (housing the Ann Lacy School of American Dance and Arts Management), Kirkpatrick Fines Arts Building, Dulaney-Browne Library, McDaniel University Center, Meinders School of Business and Henry K. Freede Wellness and Activity Center. The 38 million dollar state-of-the-art 113,000 sq ft (10,500 m2) Wanda L. Bass Music Center was opened in April, 2006.[12] OCU opened a 52,000 sq ft (4,800 m2) addition to the Kramer School of Nursing in January 2011, the addition quadruples the size of the nursing school.[13] The Kerr-McGee Centennial Plaza on the southeast corner of the campus was constructed in 2004 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of OCU.[14] The plaza features a bronze statue honoring OCU's three Miss America pageant winners.[14] In the first decade of the 21st century, OCU completed more than $100 million in new campus construction.


Housing options on the campus of Oklahoma City University include single-gender and coed dormitories, the Greek system, and apartments.
Oklahoma United Methodist Hall (formerly Centennial Hall) is a coed facility for freshmen and upper-class students, and includes an underground parking structure.[15] Banning Hall provides coed housing for freshmen and upper-class honors students. Smith Hall houses only men and Walker Hall, OCU’s only high-rise dorm at seven stories, offers housing for freshmen and upperclass women. Draper Hall is OCU's coed law and graduate hall, offering private rooms and an optional meal plan.
There are two apartment complexes on campus available to upperclass students only. University Manor consists of one-bedroom units with single or double occupancy. Cokesbury Court offers residential hall-type living in separate apartment units.[16]
In addition to on-campus residences there are a wide variety of off-campus options nearby ranging from boarding houses and flats in the Asia District and on 39th Street, to apartment complexes and rental bungalows in Uptown and the Plaza District. A number of students live in the two fraternity houses located just off-campus.

Campus safety

OCU maintains a full-time on-campus police force in order to ensure a safe campus. In addition to normal duties and patrols, OCUPD are available to escort any student after dark. In addition 18 emergency call stations are strategically scattered throughout the campus providing immediate access to campus security.[17]


The university is classified as a Master’s college and university by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.[18] OCU is the only Oklahoma institution listed in the top tier of the master level university category by U.S. News and World Report Magazine's "America's Best Colleges" issue. It is currently ranked 23rd among Master's Universities in the West region.[19]
OCU is accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. In addition the nursing program is accredited by the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission, Music program is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music, montessori education program accredited by the Montessori Accreditation Council for Teacher Education, and the law school is accredited by the American Bar Association.[6]

Colleges and schools


Degree programs

OCU offers more than 70 undergraduate majors; 17 graduate degrees, including a law degree and the M.B.A.), two Ph.D. programs in nursing, and the Adult Studies Program for working adults to earn a Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts degree.[20] The school also offers numerous pre-professional degrees, one such degree track is the Oxford Plan;[21] successful participants qualify for preferred admission to the School of Law and participants with an LSAT score of 155 or higher and an undergraduate GPA of 3.5 or higher are guaranteed admission to the School of Law.[22] In 2009 OCU launched its first doctoral programs in the university's history.[21] OCU offers a Doctor of Nursing Practice and the Ph.D. in Nursing through the Kramer School of Nursing.[21]
OCU also provides opportunities for further education with service learning components across the curriculum; a University Honors Program; OCULEADS, a freshman scholarship and leadership development program; a partnership with The Oklahoma Scholar-Leadership Enrichment Program (OSLEP), an intercollegiate, interdisciplinary program; a Center for Interpersonal Studies through Film and Literature; and numerous study abroad programs.[23]


More than 78 percent of OCU faculty members hold terminal degrees in their fields. All classes are taught by professors, and not graduate assistants. Student to faculty ratio is 13:1 and the average class size is 16 for freshmen and 12 for upperclassmen.[6] Notable faculty include: Florence Birdwell, renowned professor of voice; composer Dr Edward Knight; Marvel Williamson; Fritz Kiersch, the director of the film Children of the Corn, and Paul William Milhouse, Bishop in Residence, 1980–91.


Official logo for OCU Athletics.
Main article: Oklahoma City Stars
Oklahoma City (OCU) teams, nicknamed athletically as the Stars, are part of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), primarily competing in the Sooner Athletic Conference (SAC). Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, golf, rowing, soccer, track & field and wrestling; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, golf, rowing, soccer, softball, track & field, volleyball and wrestling. In 2012, Kevin Patrick Hardy (Class of 2013), became OCU's first national champion in wrestling, capturing the national title at 165 pounds. Hardy was a Division 1 three time state champion for Solon High School in Ohio.
Both men's and women's teams are nicknamed the Stars, formerly known as the Goldbugs prior to 1944,[24][25] the Chiefs from 1944 until 1999, and the Methodists prior to 1921.[24][26] Under McDaniel the number of athletic teams doubled to 22. OCU is represented by "Starsky" the Ram; "Starsky" is inspired by the celestial lore surrounding the creation of OCU. OCU teams have won 52 National Championships since 1988, most recently winning the 2013 NAIA men's cross country championships. This marks the 19th straight year that OCU has won a National Championship.[27] A member of the NCAA until 1984-1985, OCU made the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship tournament 11 times and the National Invitation Tournament twice as an independent, making OCU the most successful basketball program to no longer compete at the Division I level. In 1984-1985 OCU won the Midwestern City Conference baseball championship and made NCAA Division I Baseball Championship tournament before moving to the NAIA the next year. Its tradition spans the glory days of legendary coaches Abe Lemons, Paul Hansen, and Doyle Parrack. OCU has been ranked in the top 10 in the NACDA Director's Cup rankings from 1997 through 2011, including a top finish in 2001-02.[28] More than 300,000 people attend athletic or other events hosted by OCU Athletics each year including more than 50,000 who attend the OCU Head of the Oklahoma Regatta, the largest rowing event of its kind in the region.[citation needed]

Campus life

Opportunities for cultural enrichment and entertainment on the OCU campus include concerts, play performances, operas, films, sporting events, and seminars by world-renowned speakers and business leaders. Guest speakers at OCU have included Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel prize winner Elie Wiesel, author Kurt Vonnegut, playwright Edward Albee, researcher Jane Goodall, Rabbi Harold Kushner, Sister Helen Prejean, educator and author Jonathan Kozol, Poets Laureate Ted Kooser and Billy Collins, civil rights attorney Morris Dees, journalists Helen Thomas and George Will, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, environmental activist Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and politician Karen Hughes.[29]
A Wellness Program and Outdoor Adventures Program provide numerous opportunities for student activity such as pilates, yoga, traditional aerobics classes and self-defense, as well as hiking, bicycling, camping, horseback riding and sailing. A resource center and gear checkout are provided on campus. Intramural sports are a popular activity, with over 35 different sports available in league and tournament play and both coed and single gender teams. Students have access to a full size exercise facility, the Aduddell Center, located next to Centennial Hall.[30]
The university's high number of international students add to a culture of diversity. The Office of Multicultural Affairs maintains organizations such as: Black Student Association, Hispanic Student Association, Native American Society, and the Asian American Student Association. The office also maintains foreign student associations such as the Indian Student Association, Korean Student Association, Chinese Student Association.[31]
The student body is represented by the Student Government Association, or SGA (formerly Student Senate). The OCU SGA consists of the Executive Branch, which includes the president and his staff and manages SGA; the Student Senate, which allots monies to student organizations and hears legislation; the Student Activities Committee, which oversees Homecoming and special events; the Judicial Branch, which deal with student disciplinary issues. The elections for SGA are held in April with special elections for freshman in the fall.[32]
Oklahoma City University has nearly 60 active student organizations. Focuses of these organizations range from ethnic to political, religious to special interests. Organizations often have office space inside the Student Government Association Office in the Union. The list below is only a selection of campus organizations.
The Oklahoma City University Film Institute offers the campus and Oklahoma City community the opportunity to view eight to ten classic international films per year. Written materials on the theme and films is available at each screening and the screenings are followed by a discussion of the film. The film series has been presented each year since 1982.[33]


OCU is a school full of traditions, the largest being Homecoming in the fall. Homecoming, which is a week long celebration, includes philanthropy events, concerts, floats and sporting events.[34] More solemn traditions include Matriculation, where students are officially welcomed to OCU, freshman begin in the Administration Building where they touch a gold star they will again rub at commencement.[citation needed] Light the Campus is popular OCU event that community is invited to join in. The two part event includes fun activities for young children, food and singing; the next part of the event is a processional to the chapel for a formal service and the official lighting of the Christmas decorations and the Advent candle.[35]

Newspapers, magazines and other media

The Campus is the official student newspaper of Oklahoma City University, published weekly on Wednesdays, and updated more often at The Campus Online. It has served the students since 1907, and has won numerous awards. It is produced by Student Publications, a part of the school's mass communications department. The Constellation is the award-winning yearbook produced by Student Publications.[36][37]
The Scarab is a student anthology of writing and art, including non-fiction, fiction, poetry, and photography, published by OCU’s chapter of the international English honor society Sigma Tau Delta and winner of the society’s 2003-2004 award for Literary Arts Journal of the year.[38]
The Mass Communications department also operates OCU Channel 22, which airs to on campus residents through Cox Cable; programming consists of volunteer newscasts, and material from broadcast courses.[citation needed] Students may also submit research to the undergraduate research journal Stellar.[39]

Greek life

Oklahoma City University's Greek life system constitutes approximately 20 percent of the undergraduate student population.[citation needed] Both of the IFC fraternities have small houses, however most members live in traditional on-campus housing.[citation needed] The university is home to various fraternities and sororities including Alpha Chi Omega, Alpha Kappa Alpha, Alpha Phi, Gamma Phi Beta, Phi Mu sororities; Kappa Sigma, Lambda Chi Alpha, Phi Gamma Delta fraternities. OCU is also home to many other non-traditional Greek organizations such as two National Interfraternity Music Council organizations, Sigma Alpha Iota and Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia; One local Christian fraternity, Delta Alpha Chi; and Kappa Phi, a national Christian women's organization. OCU also has numerous professional fraternities and sororities such as Phi Alpha Delta, and the original chapter of Beta Beta Beta.[40]

Notable alumni

Tuesday, October 7, 2014

the sound of sheng ying

when I was young,
I was sensitive about sounds,
My grandmother told me stories all along,
on rhyming songs, riddles, wars, and landlords.

One homely sound is the rooster's crows,
and mornings include radio news from locale county,
Grandmother mainly manages chores,
plus cooking, weaving, gardening, and house cleaning.

She would call me for dinner
when I was doing my homework, or reading books,
She would educate me to eat less, maybe 80% full to stay fit
while we walk to riverside to collect fallen tree sticks!

Grandmother remained super slim and tall until her 80s,
She knew my first child and my coming to the U. S.
at the year of her death, she had so deep impacts
on me, I am forever grateful for her love and beauty.

Wednesday, September 3, 2014

Yandex (Wikipedia)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Type Public
Industry Internet
Founded 1997: Yandex search launched by CompTek
2000: Yandex company founded
Founders Arkady Volozh
Arkady Borkovsky
Ilya Segalovich
Headquarters Lev Tolstoy st. 16, Moscow, 119021, Russia
Area served Russia, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, Belarus and Turkey
Key people Arkady Volozh, CEO
Products Yandex Search
Yandex Direct
Yandex Mail
Yandex Fotki
Yandex Browser
Yandex Maps
Yandex News
Yandex Music
Yandex Video
Yandex Money
Yandex Catalog
Yandex Taxi
Revenue Increase 39.5 billion rub. (2013)[1]
Operating income Increase 12.8 billion rub. (2013)[1]
Net income Increase 13.5 billion rub. (2013)[1]
Total assets Increase 34.07 billion rub. (2011)[2]
Total equity Increase 28.95 billion rub. (2011)[2]
Employees 5,300(June 2014)[3]
Website (Ukrainian version) (English version) (Turkish version)
Yandex (Russian: Яндекс) is a Russian Internet company which operates the largest search engine in Russia with about 60% market share in that country.[4] It also develops a number of Internet-based services and products. Yandex ranked as the 4th largest search engine worldwide, based on information from, with more than 150 million searches per day as of April 2012, and more than 50.5 million visitors (all company's services) daily as of February 2013.[5] The company's mission is to provide answers to any questions users have or think about (explicit or implicit).[6] Yandex also has a very large presence in Ukraine and Kazakhstan, providing nearly a third of all search results in those markets and 43% of all search results in Belarus.[7]
The home page has been rated as the most popular website in Russia.[8] The web site also operates in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Turkey.[9] Another company, Yandex Labs, is a wholly owned division of Yandex that is located in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Market share

According to research studies conducted by TNS, FOM, and Comcon, Yandex[10] is the largest resource and largest search engine in the Russian Internet market, based on audience reach. Yandex currently has a market share of over 60%[4] in Russia's search engine market by traffic.[11]
Yandex' main competitors on the Russian market are Google, and Rambler. Yandex is therefore one of the national non-English-language search engines (with, among others, Naver, and Baidu) that pose as significant competitors for Google in their respective countries.
According to Yandex marketing, one of its biggest advantages for Russian-language users has the ability to recognize Russian inflection in search queries.[12]


Yandex's roots trace back to 1990, when Arkady Volozh and Arkady Borkovsky founded the company Arkadia, which developed MS-DOS software for use in patents and goods classification. Their software featured a full-text search with Russian morphology support. In 1993 Arkadia became a subdivision of Comptek International, another company founded by Volozh in 1989. In 1993-1996 the company continued developing its search technologies and released software for searching through the Bible and Russian classical literature.[13]
In 1993 Arkady Volozh and Ilya Segalovich, friends since their school days and by then working together to develop search software,[14] invented the word "Yandex" to describe their search technologies. The name initially stood for "Yet Another iNDEXer".[15] The Russian word "Я" ("Ya") corresponds to the English personal pronoun "I", making "Яndex" a bilingual pun on "index". Another pun is based on the yin and yang contrast (Russian: инь - индекс, ян - яндекс).
The search engine was launched on September 23, 1997 and was publicly presented at the Softool exhibition in Moscow. Initially the search engine was developed by Comptek. In 2000 Yandex was incorporated as a standalone company by Arkady Volozh.[15]
Yandex's revenue comes primarily from online advertisement. In 1998 Yandex launched contextual advertisement on its search engine. In 2001 it launched the Yandex.Direct advertisement network.[15] Yandex LLC became profitable in November 2002. In 2004, Yandex sales increased to $17M, which was 10 times greater than the company's revenue just two years earlier. The net income of the company in 2004 constituted $7M. In June 2006, the weekly revenue of Yandex.Direct context ads system exceeded $1M. All of Yandex's accounting measures have been audited by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu since 1999.
In September 2005 Yandex opened an office in the Ukraine[16] and presented the Ukrainian portal,[17] In 2008 Yandex extended its presence in Ukraine by increasing bandwidth between Moscow datacenters and UA-IX in Ukraine five times.[18] In 2007 Yandex introduced a customized search engine for Ukrainian users;[19] Yandex also opened its development center in Kiev in May 2007. In 2009, all services of were localized for the Ukrainian market.[20] In 2010, Yandex launched its "Poltava" search engine algorithm for Ukrainian users, based on Yandex's MatrixNet technology and ranking local resources higher for location-based queries.[21]
In March 2007 Yandex acquired,[22] a Russian social network, to search and support professional and personal contacts.[23] In June 2008 Yandex acquired SMI Link, a Russian road traffic monitoring agency, to merge it with Yandex.Maps services.[24]
In September 2008 Yandex further acquired the rights to the Punto Switcher software program, an automatic Russian to English keyboard layout switcher.[25]
Yandex also founded Yandex Labs in 2008. The main objective of the company, located in the San Francisco Bay area, is to foster "innovation in search and advertising technology".[26]
In August 2009 Yandex introduced a player of free legal music in its search results. A little over a year later Yandex launched the Yandex.Music service and significantly extended its music catalogue to 800,000 tracks from 58,000 performers.[27][28]
On May 19, 2010, Yandex launched an English-only web search engine.[29][30][31][32][33]
In 2010 Yandex launched the Yandex.Start program to find startups and to work with them systematically. As a result of the program, Yandex purchased WebVisor's behavior analysis technology in December 2010.[34][35] In January 2011 the next startup, single sign-in service Loginza, was acquired by Yandex.[36]
In January 2011 Yandex introduced premium placement opportunity in its Business directory; advertisers' local small businesses will be highlighted on a map for relevant queries. It was announced that the potential audience of the product includes over 25 million users of Yandex's search engine and over 11.5 million of Yandex.Maps.[37][38]
In spring 2011 Yandex raised $1.3 billion in an initial public offering on NASDAQ. It was the biggest U.S. IPO for a dotcom since Google Inc. went public in 2004.[39][40] Among the largest investors in Yandex were Baring Vostok Capital Partners and Tiger Global Management.[41]
In August 2011 Yandex acquired The Tweeted Times,[42] a news delivery startup.[43]
In September 2011 Yandex launched a search engine and a range of other services in Turkey, at The company also opened an office in Istanbul.[9]
In November 2011 Yandex acquired developer SPB Software.[44]
In June 2012 Yandex acquired share in Seismotech, Ltd. that provides services in the area of interpretative processing of seismic data and software development (Prime package), and provided its equipment and distributed computing technologies for processing of geological-geophysical data.
In March 2013 it was revealed that a motion movie production about the history of Yandex is in the works.[45] In July 2013, Mail.Ru started placing Yandex.Direct ads on its search result pages.[46] October 2013 Yandex acquired KinoPoisk, the biggest Russian movie search engine.[47] Also in 2013, Yandex became the largest media property in Russia by generated revenue.[48]
In March 2014 Yandex acquired Israeli geolocation startup KitLocate.[49]
In June 2014 Yandex acquired the online auto classifieds portal[50]


  • Yandex Search- search engine
  • Yandex.Images – search for images on the web, including search BY image itself
  • Yandex.Mail - email service
  • Yandex Disk - cloud storage
  • Yandex.Maps - maps
  • Yandex.Panoramas - web service allows you to view the panorama streets of cities in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Turkey, which is the empowerment of the service Yandex.Maps
  • Yandex.News - automatic data processing and systematization of the news media of different
  • Yandex.Translate - online translator
  • Yandex.Video - search for movies with the ability to view the majority found clips on the search results page and free video hosting
  • Yandex.Music - service that helps you to search for free and legally listen to songs, albums and music tracks collections
  • Yandex.Slovari - service to search for information on sites and encyclopedic reference content as well as on the basis of digitized by Yandex dictionaries and reference books
  • Yandex.Catalog - directory sites
  • Yandex.Market - comparison service characteristics of the goods and their prices
  • Yandex.Fotki - free photo hosting
  • Yandex.Zakladki - project for storing custom bookmarks outside a browser (online)
  • MoiKrug - social network aimed at establishing business contacts
  • - blog platform
  • Yandex.Money - electronic payment service
  • Yandex.Direct - automated, auction-based system for placement of text-based advertising
  • Yandex Metrics - a free service designed to measure websites visits and analysis of user behavior
  • Yandex.Terra - geological, geophysical and seismic data processing service


Mobile apps

  • Yandex.Store - application store for Android powered devices
  • Yandex.Shell - three-dimensional interface for smartphones and tablets on the Android platform
  • Yandex.Browser
  • Yandex.Navigator
  • Yandex.Maps
  • Yandex.Music - audio player with pay to access music catalog
  • Yandex.Translate
  • Yandex.Disk
  • Yandex.Fotki
  • Yandex.Mail
  • Yandex.Money

See also